Assistant Professor, at the Centre for South and Central Asian Studies, School of Global Relations, Central University of Punjab
PHD Researcher, School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University
Relation between Nepal and India has the foundation based on close historical, cultural, religious and people-to-people ties. However, the strategic ties between them is based on the Sugauli treaty that was signed between the British East India Company and the Nepalese regime in 1816 which demarcates the Nepal-India border.
In November 2019, India issued a fresh map including the disputed territory of Kalapani as its own while Nepal too was consistently claiming as Nepal’s own. The tension was further escalated when 80 kilometers Lipulekh road was inaugurated by the Indian side through Nepali territory. Nepal sensitized the issue calling it as "unilateral act" . The objection was raised calling for a diplomatic solution over the issue but Indian side denied the Nepalese concern. Consequently, Nepal also launched its fresh map claiming all the disputed territory as its own. This has stemmed the diplomatic fallout between Nepal and India concerning the solutions towards the border dispute.
The objective of this Zoom Round Table Webinar is to primarily analyze, conceptualize and brainstorm the ideas for resolving this long-standing issue that maybe insightful for the policy practitioners, bureaucrats, diplomats and politicians from both the country. This webinar intends to address the following major questions:
1. What are the main claims of the two countries on the areas under discussion?
2. What attempts have been made to resolve these in the past and reasons for success or otherwise? What mechanisms are available for the resolution?
3. What could be the suggested as a model for the resolution of this kind of dispute?
4. As a young professional looking closely on the mentioned issue, what suggestions and recommendations could be given for the current standoff in specific terms?